Withdrawal of an Employment Offer

Once a potential employee has been offered a job, an employer may choose to withdraw the offer for various reasons such as finding out that the prospective employee provided false information or lack of funds on the part of the employer. These are the key issues to keep in mind.

Withdrawal of Notice of Resignation

Employment contracts have to come to an end, by either party terminating the contract. Resignation is usually done by issuing a notice to the employer in accordance with the contract of employment. This is what you need to know about withdrawal of a notice of resignation.


Extra time arises when an employee works for more time than is provided in the employment contract or in the Employment Act. As an employer or employee, it is important to keep in mind the following to ascertain payment for extra hours or in the case of a claim for extra hours.

6 Essential Clauses in a Business Agreement

Business entities need agreements to ensure that providers of goods and services are legally bound. Having a written agreement ensures that there is a reference point. Every agreement should be tailored to suit the individual needs for each business.

Compulsory Acquisition of Land in Kenya

Did you know that when your land is compulsorily acquired by the government you may be entitled to damages in addition to compensation for the market value of the land?

Extension of Parental Responsibility Beyond 18 Years

Legal parental responsibility ends once a person attains the age of 18 years. However, the law makes exceptions under which it may be extended.

5 Factors to Consider before Suing for Breach of Contract

Instituting a civil suit as a result of breach of contract could seem like the best option when the party in breach of the contract is not willing to rectify the breach or perform their part of the contract. However, there are factors you need to consider before filing the suit.

Procedure for Extension and Renewal of Leases in Kenya

The extension and renewal of leases is governed by the Land (Extension and Renewal of Leases) Rules, 20l7 which provide for the manner and timelines in which a landowner is to be notified of impending expiration. A lessee can apply for extension at any time before expiry of a lease.

5 Tips to Ease your Search for a Business Name

A business name is a valuable asset that helps customers identify you and your goods or services. Once you have settled on a name, it is advisable to conduct a search on its availability on the e-Citizen platform after which you can reserve the name.

Legal Aspects to Consider when Starting a Business

When starting a business, it is important to consider the legal aspects. This not only ensures that your business is legally compliant but also limits interruptions due to non-compliance. You may involve a lawyer who will advise you on the following aspects.

What is an Unfair Labour Practice?

Every person has the right to fair labour practices. Where the court finds that during termination, the employer’s conduct amounted to an unfair labour practice, it follows that the termination was unfair and the employee is entitled to compensation.

Principles of a Reinstatement Order

A reinstatement order ensures that the employee is restored to the same position he held, or a substantially similar position, prior to termination of employment with full pay and other benefits. These are the principles applicable to a reinstatement order.

Why Should You Register Your Trademark?

A trademark is a form of intellectual property, where registration is proof of ownership. Unlike real property where it is easy to monitor and protect the owner’s interest, interest over intellectual property may be difficult to monitor. Registration is the surest was to avoid theft and interference.

Reasons for Challenging a Will

When making a will, it is important to involve an attorney to guide you through the formalities. A will that does not conform to the law could be successfully challenged and revoked or have the invalid sections revoked.

Tips for Avoiding Litigation for Startups

Litigation can be a long and expensive process. For a startup, it could stall the growth of your business and sometimes even lead to collapse of the business. Here are some tips to help you minimize litigation.

Use of Polygraph Tests in Fighting Corruption

If we wish to increase the credibility of polygraph tests, the tests should be taken voluntarily and even then, the subject should be allowed to be guided by his lawyer and measures put in place to ensure that the subject is not coerced into giving consent.

Legal Questions on Fresh Vetting of Public Officers

The Kenyan President recently gave the directive for fresh vetting of public officers. Although the exercise is geared towards determining suitability to continue holding public office in public trust, and promote confidence in the public service, several legal questions arise from this directive.

Common Mistakes in Estate Administration

Administration of estates is usually done under court supervision by appointing a person duly qualified and legally appointed. The appointed administrator safeguards the interests of the beneficiaries of the estate. These are the common mistakes an administrator should avoid.

Remedies for Minority Shareholders

It is not always the case that majority shareholders have the final say in company decisions. A minority shareholder can challenge the actions of majority shareholders that are not made in the best interest of the company.

Parental Leave

Parental leave is a form of leave given to a parent to enable them cater for their child after birth. The Employment Act in Kenya only provides for parental leave for birth parents.

The Divorce Process in Kenya

Divorce is the dissolution of a marriage that has subsisted for three or more years. The common grounds for dissolution of all forms of marriage are cruelty, adultery, desertion, exceptional depravity and the irretrievable breakdown of the marriage, among others.

Companies Limited by Guarantee

Are you engaged in a not for profit venture in Kenya and are uncertain over the type of entity to use? Why not register a company limited by guarantee which has the following features.

Is your toy licensed to fly in Kenya?

It appears that some toy drones, no matter their size or use squarely fall within the ambit of the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority (KCAA). So, parents watch out! Before you allow your child to fly that quad-copter you bought on Amazon, check the specifications.

Drone Regulation: Can County Governments be Involved?

Kenya has incorporated drones into its civil aviation regulatory framework. The Regulations prohibit any person from operating a drone in Kenya without KCAA authority. But why is KCAA, a National Government regulator, the sole regulator of these low-flying devices?

Five Common Mistakes Employers Make During Termination

When terminating an employee’s services, it is important to consider the legal implications. These are five common mistakes that employers should avoid during termination in order to minimize the risk of litigation.

Contempt of Court in Kenya

Contempt of court is the act of demeaning the court, preventing justice administration, or disobeying a sentence of the court. In Kenya, contempt of court proceedings have to be instituted within six months of the occurrence of the alleged contempt.

Restrictive Employment Contracts

Did you know that your employment contract may still apply after you leave employment? Such contracts are known as restrictive contracts and are meant to protect an employer’s legitimate business interests including trade secrets, goodwill and business connections.

Legal Guardianship in Kenya and how to Acquire it

Legal guardianship is acquired after the death or presumption of death of either one or both parents of the child. It can be acquired either by a deed or will made by a parent before his/her death or by a court order.

Duties of a Personal Representative in Estate Administration

A personal representative is the person charged with dealing with the property of a deceased person. He can be appointed either by the deceased in his will or by the court upon application for a grant of administration where the deceased died without a will.

How a lawyer can help you when buying or selling property

It is essential to involve a lawyer of good standing when buying or selling property. This is to ensure that the sale agreement and transfer documents are well drafted to protect your interests. There are other roles that the lawyer will play in the transaction.

What you need to know about Employment of Persons with Disabilities

Persons with Disabilities Act makes provision for employment of persons with disabilities and prohibits anyone from denying a person with a disability access to opportunities for suitable employment. This is what you need to know about employment of persons with disabilities.

Five ways a parent may lose legal custody over their child

The best interest of the child is the paramount consideration when deciding the legal custody of the child. However, a parent who is ordinarily entitled to custody over a child could lose it under these circumstances.

Remedies for Copyright Infringement

Copyright infringement includes doing an act protected by the copyright, making or importing a copy of the copyrighted work and circumventing measures meant to protect the copyrighted work, without a license from the copyright owner. These are the remedies available to a copyright owner.

Recognition of Overseas Adoptions in Kenya

Under Section 176 of the Children Act, foreign adoptions can be recognized in Kenya and the orders have the same effect as adoption orders validly made in Kenya. These are the conditions necessary for a valid overseas adoption.

Offences Under the Employment Act

Section 4 of the Employment Act prohibits the use of forced labour and makes it an offence for anyone to use or assist another person in recruiting, trafficking or using forced labour. Other offences are as stated here.

How to Enforce your Trademark in Kenya

The two ways of enforcing a trade mark is by an action in passing off (taken against a person who violates trademark rights in relation to an unregistered trademark) or an action against infringement (taken against a person who violates trademark rights in relation to a registered trademark).

What Should be Contained in a Company’s Annual Returns?

After incorporation, every company is required to submit to the Registrar annual returns. Failure to file returns or filing returns that do not conform to the requirements under the law is an offence attracting a fine of up to Kshs. 200,000 on conviction.

The Distinction between an Employee and an Independent Contractor

With increasingly stringent Labour laws you need to consider instances when using an independent contractor trumps getting an employee.

Requirements and Process of Adoption in Kenya

Under The Children Act No. 8 of 2001, any child who is resident within Kenya is eligible for adoption, whether or not the child is a Kenyan citizen, and whether it was born in Kenya or not. The child has to be at least six weeks old and has to be declared free for adoption by a registered adoption society.

Maintenance of a child in Kenya

An order for maintenance is made when the court, orders a person to make payment for the child’s upkeep.  Here are some of the factors that the court considers in making maintenance orders.

Spousal Right to Matrimonial Property

Spousal consent is a requirement in any disposal or alteration of interest in matrimonial property. Despite property being registered in the name of one spouse, the other spouse has a beneficial interest in it if acquired during the subsistence of a marriage.

Registration of Security Rights in Movable Property

Did you know that you can now create a security over movable property from the comfort of your computer using your e-citizen account? The Movable Property Security Rights Act enacted in May 2017 which is aimed at improving access to finance now enables this.

How to File your Company Annual Returns on your Computer using your e-Citizen Account

You can now file your company annual returns online using your e-Citizen account.

Forms of Intellectual Property

Set yourself apart from the competition, register a trademark, patent or copyright in Kenya.

The Processes Involved in Registration of Customary Marriages in Kenya

Registration of customary marriages in Kenya is governed by the Marriage (Customary Marriage) Rules, 2017, under the Marriage Act which require that all customary marriages be registered from the 1st of August 2017. The registration process begins with both parties appearing before the Registrar.

What Amounts to Discrimination in Employment?

Discrimination of any form is prohibited under the Constitution, ILO conventions and the Employment Act which requires an employer to promote equal opportunity in employment and strive to eliminate discrimination in any employment policy or practice.

Writing a Will in Kenya

A will provides certainty to the surviving members of the deceased’s family, by distributing the property of the deceased according to his/her wishes. These are the legal requirements for a valid written will.

Remedies Issued by the Environment and Land Court in Kenya

The Environment and Land Court (ELC) was established by the 2010 constitution, to determine all disputes relating to land and environment in Kenya. In determining these disputes, the court can issue several remedies including injunctions, award of damages and compensation.

Redundancy Procedure in Kenya

One of the statutory prerequisites for a redundancy procedure in Kenya is that the employer has to give written notification to the targeted employees at least one month before the commencement of the intended redundancy. There are other prerequisites for this process.